Trinidad Rum Timeline

1787: First Sugarmill Installed

1787: First Sugarmill Installed

In 1787, the first sugarmill in Trinidad is constructed in an area northeast of Port of Spain by Picot de la Peyrouse, a French…

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1797: Trinidad captured by The British

1797: Trinidad captured by The British

Trinidad is captured by the forces of Sir Ralph Abercromby and becomes a British Colony. At this time, there were 159 sugar mills, 60…

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1824: Angostura Bitters Invented

1824: Angostura Bitters Invented

Silestian doctor Johann Siegert perfects his formula for aromatic bitters and begins selling it as Amargo Aromatico in the town now known as Ciudad…

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1832: Widespread Slave Activism

1832: Widespread Slave Activism

From January to June of this year, slaves all across the island put down their tools and refused to work unless working conditions were…

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1834: Emancipation of Slavery

1834: Emancipation of Slavery

The first two centuries of rum production in the Caribbean were built on the exploitation of people removed from their homeland and forced into…

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1845: Indian Indentureship Begins

1845: Indian Indentureship Begins

In the post-emancipation period, People of Indian Origin would form the largest population of labourers in the sugarcane industry . The majority of them…

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1846: Sugar Duties Act Passed

1846: Sugar Duties Act Passed

The passage of this act saw the equalization of duties on foreign and British West Indian sugar imported into Britain. Combined with the effects…

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1870: Usine Sainte Madeleine Built

1870: Usine Sainte Madeleine Built

Constructed in south Trinidad by the Colonial Company, this sugar refinery would be the largest in the British Empire and the most efficient on…

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1875: Angostura Comes to Trinidad

1875: Angostura Comes to Trinidad

Angostura, now in the hands of the founder’s heirs had been seeking to leave Venezuela for a few years. As the global demand for…

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1890: Fernandes Rum Established

1890: Fernandes Rum Established

Manoel Fernandes who arrived in Trinidad from Madeira ten years earlier would establish his blending house on Henry Street, Port of Spain. Here he…

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1914: Earliest Reference to Caroni Rum

1914: Earliest Reference to Caroni Rum

The Caroni Rum Distillery has always been described as having been established in 1918. This advertisement from the Trinidad Guardian is not only from…

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1927: Child Labour Prohibited

1927: Child Labour Prohibited

An ordinance that prohibits the the employment of children under the age of twelve is established. Before this, children were employed in weeding, picking…

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1932: Port of Spain Rum Bond destroyed by Fire

1932: Port of Spain Rum Bond destroyed by Fire

The treasury building that also housed the Government Rum Bond was destroyed by a fire on June 25th, 1932. About 100 years before this,…

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1933: Fernandes acquires Forres Park

1933: Fernandes acquires Forres Park

One year after buying the stock of rum from the burnt treasury building in Port of Spain, JB Fernandes would acquire the Forres Park…

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1934: Sugar Estate Riots

1934: Sugar Estate Riots

From May to July, a series of riots would erupt across the sugar belt. These events have sometime been considered to be the beginning…

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1939: World War II Begins

1939: World War II Begins

During the Second World War, American Naval Bases were built in multiple British West Indian Territories including Antigua, Jamaica, and Trinidad. In Trinidad and…

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1947: Angostura Distillery Established

1947: Angostura Distillery Established

Already in the business of producing their iconic Aromatic Bitters, and a rum liqueur called Siegert’s Bouquet, the rapidly growing company would build a…

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1953: JB Fernandes Acquires the Queen’s Park Hotel

1953: JB Fernandes Acquires the Queen’s Park Hotel

In 1953 JB Fernandes purchased both the Queen’s Park Hotel in Port of Spain and the Great House of the Champs-Élysées Estate in Maraval…

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1955: Angostura Issued a Royal Warrant for Bitters

1955: Angostura Issued a Royal Warrant for Bitters

In 1904, Alfredo Siegert was appointed purveyor of Angostura aromatic bitters to the King of Prussia, and in 1907 to King Alfonso XIII of…

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1955: Caroni Acquires Esperanza Estate

1955: Caroni Acquires Esperanza Estate

Both the Esperanza Estate and Bronte Estate would be consolidated into Caroni Limited with their purchase of Gordon Sugar Estates Limited in 1955. Esperanza…

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1957: Caroni Takes Control of Sainte Madeleine

1957: Caroni Takes Control of Sainte Madeleine

The West Indies Sugar Company was founded in Jamaica in 1937, and in its second year of operation it would be expanded to include…

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1959: Angostura Old Oak Rum Launched

1959: Angostura Old Oak Rum Launched

The introduction of this product is credited with rum becoming more profitable than bitters for the company. At this time,  the term Old Rum…

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1961: Caroni acquires Woodford Lodge

1961: Caroni acquires Woodford Lodge

Woodford Lodge would go into voluntary liquidation before being absorbed into Caroni Limited. This would leave Forres Park and Golden Grove as the only…

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1962: Trinidad and Tobago becomes Independent

1962: Trinidad and Tobago becomes Independent

Politicians had long been lobbying for Independence, but it would be the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act of 1962 that finally allows Trinidad and…

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1968: Orange Grove Estate Acquired by Caroni

1968: Orange Grove Estate Acquired by Caroni

Orange Grove Estate, consisting at the time of over 4000 acres was the last estate to be consolidated into Caroni. The machinery at the…

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1970: March to Caroni

1970: March to Caroni

This event, described by Historian Brinsley Samaroo as “the high point in the history of Trinidad and Tobago” was the culmination of labour unrest…

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1975: Government Acquires Caroni Limited

1975: Government Acquires Caroni Limited

08In 1970 the Trinidad and Tobago Government acquired a 51% stake in Caroni Limited. This decision was linked to the Nationalist and Anti-Imperialist sentiment…

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1973: Angostura Acquires Fernandes

1973: Angostura Acquires Fernandes

Angostura’s holding company was able to purchase Fernandes Distillers with capital gained from Bacardi taking a minority but significant stake in both companies. The…

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1985: Angostura Royal Oak Launched

1985: Angostura Royal Oak Launched

As part of a Caribbean tour, Queen Elizabeth II visits Trinidad and Tobago and pays a courtesy call to the House of Angostura. The…

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